Public Benefits

Benefits Puzzle


Social Security Disability Insurance

Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) pays benefits to you and certain members of your family if you are “insured,” meaning that you worked long enough and paid Social Security taxes.



Medicare is the federal health insurance program for people who are 65 or older, certain younger people with disabilities, and people with End-Stage Renal Disease (permanent kidney failure requiring dialysis or a transplant, sometimes called ESRD).


Supplemental Security Income

Supplemental Security Income (SSI) is a Federal providing benefits based on financial need. This income supplement program is funded by general tax revenues (not Social Security taxes):

  • It is designed to help aged, blind, and disabled people, who have little or no income; and
  • It provides cash to meet basic needs for food, clothing and shelter.


Medicaid is a state/federal program that pays for medical and long-term care services for people with lower incomes, seniors, people with disabilities and some families and children. Services covered include laboratory and X-ray services, inpatient and outpatient hospital services, health screenings for children, and long-term care services and supports.